A brief history of macOS

mac os x

The heritage of what would become Mac OS had originated at NeXT, a company founded by Steve Jobs following his departure from Apple in 1985. There the Unix-like NeXTSTEP operating system was developed, and then launched in 1989. The kernel of NeXTSTEP is based upon the Mach kernel, which was originally developed at Carnegie Mellon University. With additional kernel layers and low-level user space code derived from parts of BSD. Its graphical user interface was built on top of an object-oriented GUI toolkit using the Objective-C programming language.

Throughout the early 1990s, Apple had tried to create a “next-generation” OS to succeed its classic Mac OS through the Taligent, Copland and Gershwin projects, but all of them were eventually abandoned. This led Apple to purchase NeXT in 1996, allowing NeXTSTEP, then called OPENSTEP, to serve as the basis for Apple’s next generation operating system.
Mac OS (previously Mac OS X and later OS X) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001. It is the primary operating system for Apple’s Mac family of computers. Within the market of desktop, laptop and home computers, and by web usage, it is the second most widely used desktop OS after Microsoft Windows.
Mac OS is the second major series of Macintosh operating systems. The first is colloquially called the “classic” Mac OS which was introduced in 1984, and the final release of which was Mac OS 9 in 1999. The first desktop version, Mac OS X 10.0, was released in March 2001, with its first update, 10.1, arriving later that year. After this, Apple began naming its releases after big cats, which lasted until OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion. Since OS X 10.9 Mavericks, releases have been named after locations in California.
Apple shortened the name to “OS X” in 2012 and then changed it to “Mac OS” in 2016. Adopting the nomenclature that they were using for their other operating systems, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS. The latest version is Mac OS Catalina, which will be publicly released in September 2019.
Mac OS X was originally presented as the tenth major version of Apple’s operating system for Macintosh computers; current versions of mac OS retain the major version number “10”. Previous Macintosh operating systems (versions of the classic Mac OS) were named using Arabic numerals, as with Mac OS 8 and Mac OS 9. The letter “X” in Mac OS X’s name refers to the number 10, a Roman numeral. It is therefore correctly pronounced “ten” in this context. However, it is also commonly pronounced like the letter “X”.
OS X versions:
1. Mac OS 10.0 “Cheetah”
2. Mac OS 10.1 “Puma”
3. Mac OS 10.2 “Jaguar”
4. Mac OS 10.3 “Panther”
5. Mac OS 10.4 “Tiger”
6. Mac OS 10.5 “Leopard”
7. Mac OS 10.6 “Snow Leopard”
8. Mac OS 10.7 “Lion”
9. Mac OS 10.8 “Mountain Lion”
10. Mac OS 10.9 “Mavericks”
11. Mac OS 10.10 “Yosemite”
12. Mac OS 10.11 “El Capitan”
13. Mac OS 10.12 “Sierra”
14. Mac OS 10.13 “High Sierra”
15. Mac OS 10.14 “Mojave”
16. Mac OS 10.15 “Catalina”

The iPod touch is back in 2019

ipod touch 7th gen

The iPod touch is back in 2019.
Apple has updated the iPod touch with a new processor and higher storage while keeping the rest unchanged.

The iPod touch now comes with the A10 Fusion chipset, same as the one found on the iPhone 7. iOS 12 Operating System with 1 GB of ram.
It’s not quite the latest and greatest but it’s a decent step-up from the A8 found on the previous model.
The new chipset enables additional features. You can now make Group FaceTime calls, which can include up to 32 people. It also enables the use of AR features in apps that use Apple’s ARKit framework.

Apart from the chipset, the new model also comes with a 256 GB storage, which joins the previous 128 GB and 32 GB options.

The rest of the product has been left untouched. This means you are still getting the same 4-inch (diagonal) widescreen Retina display with Multi-Touch IPS technology 1136-by-640-pixel resolution at 326 ppi 800:1 contrast ratio with Fingerprint-resistant oleophobic coating.
8MP camera on the back with Autofocus, ƒ/2.4 aperture, Five-element lens, Hybrid IR filter, Backside illumination, Auto image stabilization, HDR for photos, Exposure control, Panorama (up to 43 MP), Burst mode, Tap to focus, Photo geo tagging over Wi-Fi, Timer mode, Image formats captured: HEIF and JPEG.
Video Recording with 1080p HD video recording (30 fps), Tap to focus while recording, Slow-mo video (120 fps), Time-lapse video, Cinematic video stabilization, 3x zoom, Video geo tagging over Wi-Fi, Video formats recorded: HEVC and H.264.
And 1.2MP camera on the front with ƒ/2.2 aperture, 720p HD video recording, Backside illumination sensor, Auto HDR for videos, Burst mode, Exposure control, Timer mode.
Wireless: 802.11a/b/g/n/ac Wi‑Fi, Bluetooth: 4.1 wireless technology, A single loudspeaker, Lightning Connector, no Face ID or even Touch ID, 3D Touch or haptic feedback. Fortunately it does have a 3.5mm headphone jack.
Up to 40 hours Music playback time and 8 hours of Video playback time.

Supported Language: English, Spanish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Finnish, Greek, Slovak, Swedish, Hungarian, Russian, Ukrainian, Chinese, Hong Kong, Japanese, Korean, Arabic, Catalan, Hebrew, Hindi, Indonesian, Malay, Thai, Turkish and Vietnamese.

The new iPod touch starts at $199 for the 32 GB model, $299 for the 128 GB and $399 for the 256 GB model. It comes in six colours Such as Product Red, Blue, Pink, Silver, Gold, Space Gray.
In the Box it comes with iPod touch, Apple Ear Pods, Lightning to USB Cable, Quick Start guide.

ipod touch product red

A short brief of iPod touch 1st generation : The original iPod touch launched in 2007 with 8 GB/16 GB memory, 128 MB dynamic RAM, 480 x 320 pixels 165 ppi 3.5 inches multi-touch display screen, 412 MHz ARM CPU, PowerVR Lite GPU, 802.11b/g Wi-Fi, Built-in rechargeable 580 mAh Li-Po battery and the 32 GB model was added in Feb 2008. In 2010 finally iPod touch got a camera not just on the front but on the back as well.

Currently Apple has released iPod Touch 7th generation and will available during fall 2019.